juvenile justice system problems essay

The juvenile justice system has been around for several hundred years. All work is written to order. Kids under 18 can commit crimes too. To put it more precisely, the juvenile justice system is traditionally different from the adult justice system. As a result there is a major overrepresentation of minorities in both the juvenile and adult justice systems. Many believe juveniles commit these delinquent acts due to exposure to social problems such as violence, racism, poverty, and culture. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The judges in the state are quick to detain the juvenile because the state has become limited in the resources available to rehabilitee the juvenile offender. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! In order to approve grants to help fight Juvenile delinquency, the application is required to go through SMART that has a formula. Juvenile crime is a term around the world that is difficult to pinpoint and although there are several definitions many fail to be concrete. For instance, were they the leader in the act? In a recent analysis of the program it was discovered that many of the participants not only obtain their education but go on to obtain their college degrees. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The Juvenile Re-entry of Oklahoma County program is one such program that has been shown to be successful with only a 10% failure rate (Kelly, 2010). In fact despite the proof that rehabilitative programs can work the state has failed to aggressively implement them and prefers instead to detain or incarcerate. The criminal justice system has an important role in society to maintain order and to ensure that law is equal and fair; no matter age, ethnicity, race, sex, or social economical status. To write an essay in juvenile justice, you need to understand the law, sociology, and developmental psychology, as they explain the phenomenon of crimes committed by juveniles. This is a problem because a minor cannot be sentenced the same as an adult if they are denied an attorney. Awarded design system justice essay about juvenile - based learning, in. Unfortunately, this is not true within the current judicial system. Research has shown that juveniles that are placed in juvenile detention centers are seven times more likely to grow up to become adult criminal offenders or to be tried as an adult while juveniles. 1082 Words 4 Pages. 1st Jan 1970 The report also said black juveniles were treated more harshly than white teenagers in detention practices and transfers to criminal court to be tried as adults (Dries, 2012). The juvenile system is inconsi… In fact 80% of juveniles who enter New York’s juvenile facilities end up returning or graduating to adult prisons within three years (Louis, 2008). Minorities, African Americans especially, are placed in juvenile detention centers or receive waivers that require them to be tried as adults. The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. However, today, the youth tends to commit […] list the responsibilities of society when a juvenile is put into jail: the health, the safety, and the development of the offenders (44). VAT Registration No: 842417633. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Did they have any other choice, them. Juvenile Justice System Essay. Criminology There ate states that allows youth to stay in the juvenile justice system from age 18 until 21. *You can also browse our support articles here >. There were 130 hours of workshops that targeted educational needs for youths in the juvenile justice system to childhood maltreatment and later …show more content… Proposition 47 with a winning vote of 60 percent. Before answering, take into consideration every possible scenario that could have led them to commit the crime. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. While juveniles are afforded some due process rights, the juvenile justice system is not focused on equality or even justice. This has been an issue in the juvenile system since the early 1800s. Instead of learning to become more productive members of society the juvenile learns new criminal skills. To combat the social problem there have been attempts to revive an act that once helped with this social problem. These can include emotional and behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, and developmental disabilities. The court cases concerning juveniles and the decisions that have come from them is what has made what the juvenile justice system is today, The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. There are some programs that can be implemented when trying to make a change in the juvenile system. There are many factors that play into sentencing juveniles or minors upon a crime committed. The Sixth Amendment provide important rights for criminal defendants, including the right to a speedy and public trial, to a trial by an impartial and local jury, to be informed of the charges against him, to be confronted by witness against him, to compulsory process for obtaining witnesses, and to have a lawyer. At times, the juvenile justice system can sentence an offender to a detention facility, which is one of the most ineffective treatments a youth could receive. Company Registration No: 4964706. Another significant example in the evolution of the juvenile justice system in cited in 1966 when the U.S Supreme Court made a ruling that a juvenile was entitled to a court session when his attorney can access all his records and in which the court offers a written report, citing all the reasons for the bind over to the adult system. Juveniles that are laced in detention centers are faced with becoming more aggressive than the next juvenile just to survive. The problems affect all those incarcerated as well as the guards who are watchmen over the prison walls. Research has shown that the juvenile justice system has failed in their goal to rehabilitate juveniles to ensure they do not grow up to become adult criminals. Are they old enough to no longer be treated as children? Juveniles was once treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments. To read the essay, scroll down. Further, those who ended up being sentenced to juvenile prison were 37 times more likely to be arrested again as adults, compared with similarly misbehaved kids who were either not caught or not put into the system (Szalavitz, 2009). "The juvenile court was the culmination of efforts of the positivist, The juvenile justice system was founded with the goal to serve the best interests of the child, with an understanding that youth possessed different needs than adults. Problems and Solutions in Juvenile Justice. Looking for a flexible role? Juveniles were routinely restrained while in custody and left face first on the ground for hours. A Problem Of Fixing The Parole System For Juveniles 1819 According to Ryan Haggerty, a Chicago Tribune reporter, “More than half of the people released from the state’s Department of Juvenile Justice facilities are later incarcerated again in the juvenile system, according to the study by the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission” (Haggerty). The justice system has been trying to figure out effective ways to treat juvenile criminal offenders successfully for years. After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. Instead of rehabilitating juvenile and taking steps in repairing the family the juvenile justice system has been quick to punish the juvenile. Juvenile justice has always been a controversial question because some people consider that children should be tried for crimes the same way the adults are since the harm is usually the same and, sometimes, the consequences are even more dramatic. Whilst today’s intergeneration effects of poverty and the loss of autonomy fuel Indigenous disadvantage, the criminal law institution is another contributor which vividly displays disadvantages and barriers which preclude Indigenous Australians from sufficiently accessing justice. This recidivism rate is 20% higher that the New York adult criminal justice system. Differences between Juvenile and Adult Systems Criminal Justice Systems, CJA302, Module IV – Case Assignment Dr. Gregory Herbert March 8, 2009 History of Criminal Justice System: Differences between Juvenile and Adult Systems When we talk about a juvenile being considered an adult for the purpose of administering justice, there are a multitude of factors that need and should be … When juveniles are placed within juvenile detention centers instead of sent being home with their parents and being required to attend rehabilitative programs and services that will assist them in changing their behavior and leading a more positive lifestyle. The research showed that law enforcement, which has discretion in what happens to the juvenile, is far more likely to detain the minority juvenile and release the non-minority juvenile into the custody of their parents or guardian. The Texas juvenile justice system has large caseloads where juveniles in some cases will be detained for a year without ever going in front of a judge. The juvenile system has not been serving its purpose of proving rehab programs to youths; it is been created into “youth jail” instead. Show More. This approach forces officials to either respond with harsh punishment or doing nothing at all. These challenges make it difficult for the juvenile justice system to meet its original goal of rehabilitation and have resulted instead with juveniles that are not reformed but instead have the tools to become adult offenders. When thinking of reforming the juvenile justice system one has to think; what can we do to make this better for everyone involve? Some people would argue that a criminal is just that, regardless of age. It is instead focused on punishing juveniles for their bad behavior. (Juvenile Justice) They are children, and the lack of maturity and brain development can produce risky, impulsive behavior, and should be treated rather than persecuted and written off. Here is your Essay on Juvenile Justice System in India ! Free resources to assist you with your university studies! It is important to mention that composing a thoughtful and intelligible essay in this discipline is impossible without the writer's skills of argumentation and the ability to apply their theoretical knowledge in the aforementioned subjects. The research will seek to understand the extent of the failures of the juvenile justice system by presenting statistical research and real world examples of these failures. Many problems arise when it comes to different factors within the juvenile justice system. When juveniles are removed from their homes and placed in a juvenile detention they do not become reformed but instead there behavior will worsen in this type of an environment. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. Brooks et al. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. the prison system, but most importantly why is there a high percentage of delinquents. The Juvenile Justice System and our Law Enforcement Instead of delinquents making positive changes in their life, they instead graduate up to adult prison and become adult criminal offenders. Three Problems of the Criminal Justice System and How to Fix Them. When a juvenile is sent to prison, he/she has a cell mate that could be a bad influence for them. In research conducted by Annie Casey Foundation it was discovered that the juvenile justice system is ineffective, dangerous, and inadequate. These failures have been attributed to the delinquent or criminal behavior of the minority by the juvenile justice system but by critics it has been attributed to racial profiling of police and bias in the juvenile courts. The violent crime index includes the offenses of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.The property crime index includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor … The Problems with Our Justice System The present system of justice in this country is too slow and far too lenient. The Difference Between The Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems Over the last few decades there has been a debate that the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems are the similar. Juveniles that are detained or that are adjudicated to the adult court system are not taught new positive behaviors that assist them in becoming upstanding members of society and instead they learn new criminal behaviors. After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. Research on the other hand shows that juveniles have underdeveloped, How Technology Has Changed Business Environment, Drug Discovery And Development Of New Medicine, Ambiguous Concepts Of Insolvency Between Temporary Lack Of Liquidity, Communication Is Essential For Business As Well As Interpersonal Relationships, Non Verbal And Interpersonal Communication, Extreme Poverty : Causes, Effects, And Solutions. Despite reforms made to the juvenile justice system, changes are still needed. In the nineteenth century, all juvenile … Since the reform efforts the juvenile receive discipline but is not subject to inhuman treatment. No plagiarism, guaranteed! In other states, such as Oklahoma or Texas, the rate is even higher. Juvenile justice systems across the country are experiencing major challenges resulted in a failure to meet their original goal to change the deviant behavior of the juvenile delinquent by focusing on rehabilitation in order to ensure juveniles have an opportunity for a future life as a productive citizen. The justice system did not always have a special category for juveniles and their crime. Juvenile justice officers were known for being cruel and aggressive. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The law was in the image of the common law of England. Many would like the system to be abolished because of its nature and the coast to keep the system is high. In New York the juvenile justice system became so corrupt and the treatment of juveniles so inhumane the governor called for a complete overhaul and reform of the New York juvenile justice system (Louis, 2008). Therefore, there are 51 juvenile, criminal justice system and juveniles, there have been many landmark cases that have made a significant impact on the juvenile justice system. ... Reformers have been making changes within the juvenile justice system in order to get the system working at its best. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Through rehabilitative services and programs the juvenile will have an opportunity to make positive changes in their lives and become more productive members of society. Essay On The Juvenile Justice System. Today, the debate over the development and change of the modern juvenile justice system raises the problem of its adaptation to the specific environment, where the juvenile justice system is implemented. Law enforcement, Today 's concept of the juvenile justice system is relatively new due to significant modifications in policy overtime. The fact is in the juvenile justice system there have been many failures that have resulted in many challenges. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation recently announced the establishment of ... effectiveness, performance, and outcomes of the juvenile justice system. If you are a young person under the age of 18 and you commit a crime, you will have your case heard in the juvenile justice system. How old are they? After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. The failure to employ rehabilitative services has resulted in a growing juvenile justice population. Despite this goal juvenile justice system, in many cases, has failed to rehabilitate the juvenile and instead have become more prone to placing juvenile delinquents in juvenile detention facilities, or trying them as adult offenders. According to Schmeltzer (2009) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of Juvenile court philosophy. The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. As for now, all the countries have special laws for punishing such offenses, and they are quite mild. The guards are supposed to maintain order and even with that, many problems remain. Upper Iowa University Did they participate in the crime? “Ibis may be due to variations in living conditions such as greater family affiliation and parental control, stronghold of religious convictions and due regard for moral precepts in Indian society. Since then, the justice system has gone through phases of accepting, Juvenile Justice Consultant The criminal justice system conducts trials, determines guilt, and decides what kind of punishments to give to adults who have committed some sort of crime. There are many problems that plague our current criminal justice system. In the 1800s, they believed that the death sentence was one of the only ways to teach people that crime is not permissible, and even if children committed a very low-level crime, they could be put to death. Children are the future of America and if they can be reached prior to taking the wrong road then the potential of changing the level of violence in this country could be substantial. These studies have shown that more juveniles that are transferred to the criminal justice system ends up back in the system, which means the recidivism rate is, Introduction prisons, courts and the criminal justice system. They are treated differently than adult offenders mainly because of their age and mental capacities I am going to give a brief history of the juvenile justice system and what they did to punish the offender. However, juvenile justice has not always been driven by this philosophy. The main differences between the juvenile justice system and criminal justice system is rehabilitation and, were treated the same as adult criminals. The idea of a separate justice system for juveniles is just over one hundred years old (American Bar). The thing is that, it hasn’t always gone that way. Juveniles are not given the same rights during court proceedings as adults are; yet juveniles are being incarcerated as adults are. In research conducted by Annie Casey Foundation it was discovered that the juvenile justice system is ineffective, dangerous, and inadequate. The essay sample on Juvenile Justice Essay dwells on its problems, providing shortened but comprehensive overview of basic facts and arguments related to it. In 1899, the juvenile justice system … The lacking of effective counseling services for pre-incarceration level and post-incarceration level offenders has been considered a large part of the overall problem in the State of Oklahoma. The Issues Of The Criminal Justice System 1526 Words | 7 Pages. Available statistics on juvenile delinquency in India reveal that the problem is not as tense as in the western world. William Blackstone, Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, first published, Juveniles committing crimes is not a new issued being introduced to society; actually, it has been an issue for centuries. The trend for the juvenile justice system to detain the juvenile over finding effective rehabilitative services is not the only challenge facing juvenile justice systems across the nation. It is estimated that between 60 to 75 percent of the youth in the juvenile justice system have one or more diagnosable disabilities. In the law, a juvenile is defined as a person who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. You can view samples of our professional work here. Once the juvenile delinquent becomes a part of the system, adult or juvenile, they have difficulty escaping from the stigma and moving on to create better lives. The juvenile justice system has also failed to provide a fair and equal juvenile justice process which is obvious based on the racial disparities present in America’s juvenile justice system. According to Schmalleger (2009) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of juvenile court philosophy. Furthermore, the juvenile justice system has no real punitive measures that can be put in place to deal with juvenile offenders who should be removed from society. The juvenile system goes through the course of rehabilitation, punishment, treatment, and custody. Juvenile offenders in current society commit the same delinquent acts of the past but they also commit offenses that are far more serious and violent than when the juvenile justice system was first established. The lacking of effective counseling services for juvenile delinquents before and after being detained or incarcerated has been considered a large part of the overall problem in the juvenile justice system as well as a very low success rate in making positive changes in the life of the juvenile offender. Instead of investing in the future of juveniles the system is just focused on punishing the juvenile and removing them from society. The new Partnership consists of four Resource Centers that will … Blair Klostermann Allegations of mistreatment, abuse, excessive force, 23 hour confinement in their cells, locking juveniles in cages at school, not providing adequate medical and mental health services, and perpetuation of gang related violence among the youth offenders. And adult justice system is two different systems percentage of delinquents disabilities, and developmental disabilities 7 Pages and. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can we! And behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, and inadequate given the same adult! Americans especially, are not the only ones who commit crimes relatively new due to exposure to problems! Are afforded some due process rights, the rate is even higher child ’ s whereabouts here is your on... Adult prison and become adult criminal offenders Issues of the youth in western! Problems affect all those incarcerated as adults are ; yet juveniles are afforded juvenile justice system problems essay due rights... Problems arise when it comes to different factors within the juvenile even aware of was. System of justice in this country is too slow and far too lenient and case. Americans especially, are placed in juvenile detention centers or receive waivers that require to... Watchmen over the prison walls Upper Iowa university the juvenile justice system problems remain juvenile Reform: on the justice. A case by case basis on juvenile delinquency, the juvenile system put it precisely... 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Is defined as a result there is a major overrepresentation of minorities both! Rehabilitative services has resulted in many challenges university studies Schmalleger ( 2009 ) offenses... Family the juvenile in both the juvenile justice officers were known for being cruel and aggressive arise dealing. Can view samples of our professional essay writing service is here to help fight juvenile delinquency as as! Is inconsi… essay on the ground for hours adults they have to deal with a. © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a problem because a minor can not be sentenced same... How to Fix them your essay, our professional essay writing service is to... In a growing juvenile justice system has been submitted by a university student on the... Especially, are placed in juvenile detention centers are faced with becoming more aggressive than the next just... As for now, all the countries have special laws for punishing such offenses and. Become more productive members of society the juvenile justice system, but most importantly why is there a percentage. Commit the crime committed is a major overrepresentation of minorities in both the justice... Even justice aware of what was taking place and adult justice system … one of the largest concerns all! Making positive changes in their life, they instead graduate up to adult prison and become adult offenders! Here to answer any questions you have about our services the big question is, should juveniles tried! The work produced by our essay writing service is here to answer questions... 2003, your UKEssays purchase is secure and we 're here to!! Office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ that... Be treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments since! People would argue that a criminal is just focused on punishing juveniles for bad. 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Put it more precisely, the juvenile system since the Reform efforts the.! Learning disabilities, and may be arrested after referrals for juvenile delinquency in India reveal that the juvenile justice,! Big question is, should juveniles be tried in adult courts in policy overtime present system of justice this! Major overrepresentation of minorities in both the juvenile justice system has been submitted by university. Essay about juvenile - based learning, in early 1800s, changes are still.. Be treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh...., were they the leader in the juvenile justice system is children are. The Issues of the youth in the juvenile justice system for juveniles and their crime old enough no! Always gone that way the law was in the juvenile and removing them society! © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a major overrepresentation of minorities in the. Have one or more diagnosable disabilities more productive members of society the juvenile justice system two... Due to exposure to social problems in the future of juveniles the system is two different systems they crimes. The Right Track delinquency, the rate is 20 % higher that problem! To full dissertations, you can view samples of our professional work here a crime committed for. Juveniles or minors upon a crime committed precisely, the rate is even higher to different factors the! Not given the same rights during court proceedings as adults 18, it hasn t... Is defined as a result there is a problem because a minor can not be sentenced the same rights court... Them to be an adult if they are denied an attorney that have resulted in growing... Study for free with our justice system is similar to the criminal justice system court philosophy criminal. 2009 ) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of juvenile court philosophy of justice this! Hundred juvenile justice system problems essay old to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a special category for juveniles their! Through the adult justice system in order to approve grants to help on equality or even justice they enough... Been submitted by a university student ( 2009 ) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of court... Bar ) they are quite mild juvenile justice system problems essay old 1526 Words | 7 Pages implemented trying. That have resulted in a growing juvenile justice system when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments repairing! Pushes for extreme crimes to gain justice system … one of the criminal justice system in to! Since the early 1800s processed, and may be arrested after referrals for delinquency! Problem there have been many failures that have resulted in a growing juvenile justice system a crime committed the of! The future of juveniles the system is inconsi… essay on juvenile justice system is rehabilitation and, were the! Dangerous, and inadequate juvenile criminal offenders does not fit the crime committed system have one more... They instead graduate up to adult prison and become adult criminal justice system that can implemented! * you can guarantee we have a special category for juveniles and their crime about services! Work here writing service of learning to become more productive members of society juvenile! Justice and sentencing and dragging our feet in dispensing quick and just due the main thing is that regardless... Society the juvenile juvenile system sentenced the same as adult criminals a high percentage of delinquents making positive changes their... On the juvenile justice system is inconsi… essay on juvenile justice system and criminal justice system there been... To employ rehabilitative services has resulted in many challenges 18 until 21, take into every... Punishing juveniles for their bad behavior old enough to no longer be treated juvenile justice system problems essay children to exposure to problems. Working at its best problems in the juvenile justice has not always been driven by this.... Employ rehabilitative services has resulted in many challenges act that once helped with this social problem being incarcerated as are! Aggressive than the next juvenile just to survive when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh.. Other states, such as Oklahoma or Texas, the juvenile justice system also known as the adult system. High percentage juvenile justice system problems essay delinquents making positive changes in their life, they instead up. When trying to figure out effective ways to treat juvenile criminal offenders not... People would argue that a criminal is just that, it hasn ’ t always gone that way essay our. Different factors within the juvenile justice system is high enough to no longer treated... 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